Human Trafficking is a crime against humanity and is a gross violation of human rights. The evil of human trafficking has been prevalent in society for a long.

Trafficking in persons has been defined by the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons as “ the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or the position of vulnerability or the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.”

United Nations General Assembly proclaimed July 30 as World Day against Trafficking in Persons vide resolution A/RES/68/192.

Some Facts: 

  • In 2018 about 50,000 human trafficking victims were detected and reported by 148 countries. 
  • 50% of detected victims were trafficked for sexual exploitation, 38 per cent were exploited for forced labour.
  • Female victims continue to be the primary targets. Women make up 46% and girls 19% of all victims of trafficking.
  • Globally, one in every three victims detected is a child. 
  • The share of children among detected trafficking victims has tripled, while the share of boys has increased five times over the past 15 years.


Survivors are considered to be key actors in the fight against human trafficking, and hence this year’s theme lays emphasis on the importance of listening to and learning from the survivors of human trafficking.  The survivors can play a vital role in combating human trafficking as they have faced it themselves. They can help identify and rescuing the victims, set out measures for prevention, and further encourage and support the victims in their rehabilitation process. 


This campaign has been launched to create awareness to fight human trafficking and its impact on society. The symbol of the blue heart is now being recognized as a symbol against human trafficking, and the campaign also aims to allow people to show solidarity with human trafficking victims and increase their visibility. 

 For more information click here.

Mahak Rathee 

Global Representative (India) 

Roya Institute of Global Justice