Sixth Session: Advanced International E-TOT Course

Experience and Practice of Legal Clinics, Case Studies

Sixth Session: Africa: South Africa, Nigeria,

Prof. David McQuoid-Mason & Prof. Rebecca Emiene Badejogbin

In the following lines, the participants in each session expressed what they have learned, through keywords:


cooperation Investors outside the university
Budget management
Community-oriented clinic
Justice for all
Pro bono services
Resistance and stability

Cope with obstacles
Barriers to establishing a legal clinic
Enhance the knowledge of law students
Raising public awareness
Expert lawyers
Mobile Clinic
Suspicion of clinics

Clinic management
The rule of law
Active participation
Financial prosperity
Social Security
Skill-based training

In the following sentences the participants in this session expressed what they have learned in this lesson:

Using religious institutions to establish, develop and upgrade legal clinics.

Be hopeful.

 I learned the process of establishing a clinic intensively from one of the great profrssors in this field.

 Helping to establish clinics is helping to promote justice.

How the barriers to establishing a clinic in Africa have been overcome.

 There is resistance to the establishment of the clinic, ways to support members (law students)

 Trying to improve the quality of life by holding free legal courses.

The problems of establishing a clinic are not limited to Iran, and in any cases, efforts should be made to support clinics.

 Restrictions on clinics and their solutions.

It is necessary to determine the reason for establishing a legal clinic, what is the purpose of establishing it and does the society needs it or not?

Familiarity with the challenges facing legal clinics.

Look again and broader  at the functions of legal clinics.

The effort of all legal clinics in any society is to achieve legal goals, including informing ordinary people and promoting justice.

It is possible to imagine the establishment of a clinic other than law faculties.

 Familiarity with different types of legal clinics, its establishment and challenges.

 The precedent of the clinics and their natures, especially in the description of Dr. McQuid, the administrative system in Nigeria for the establishment of the clinic, was very useful.

 Awareness of the experience of other countries in establishing and managing legal clinics.

 Familiarity with the challenges and problems facing the establishment of a legal clinic and how to overcome them.

How to overcome management challenges in law clinics.

Access to a legal clinic requires the serious determination and cooperation of friends and all relevant authorities.

When we work in the field of law clinics and the university approves it, this approval will also include the community.

 The process of establishing a legal clinic and the obstacles and objections and how to manage the clinics and their benefits for different segments of society and using the experiences of Bangladesh and Nigeria.

 Africa’s experience in dealing with the problems of the establishment shows that even with a small budget but a lot of enthusiasm, problems can be overcome.

 The clinical method of law education is the core of adopting a skills-based education.

 Benefits of establishing legal clinics for all walks of life, stakeholders, students, society,

The legal clinic can also strengthen its basis by using the right policies and  experience’s solution in similar clinics in other countries by using the minimum resources.

By taking the initiative and attracting the most participations,  university administrators and other legal activists, the major challenges of running a law clinic can be overcome.

the suspicion of legal associations are  an important obstacles to the justification that clinics are slowing down.